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2008年6月英语四级(CET-4)真题及答案精装版

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Part Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed30 minutes to write A Letter of Apology according to the outline given below.You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below inChinese.

1.娱乐活动多种多样

2.娱乐活动可能使人们受益,也可能有危害性

3.作为大学生,我的看法。


范文一:恩波版


Recreational activities and study do notcontradict each other, in fact, they complement each onter. As the saying goes,"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." A life burdened withstudy and work leads you nowhere, for you would get tired and bored with yourdaily routine work. On the other hand, proper recreation will relieve thetension and discomfort of our monotonous life because it offers you variousways to let out your pent-up emotion.


What I usually do to relax after school isjogging and seeing movies. Uaually I don’t spare time for exercise ,but I valuethe physical education class at school.Jogging several rounds in field certainly relieves the days pressure. Onweekends,. I’ll catch the morning movie for my visual enjoyment. I feel a vivedand energetic for another week’s work-load.


To sum up, I strongly voice all theevidence justifies an unshakable view that our trans-century college studentsshould choose recreational activities appropriately. Therefore, in a sense ,only when we pay close attention to it can we see a meaningful extraordinaryand harmonious future sooner or later.


范文二:昂立版

Recreational activity

In peoples daily life, there are variousrecreational activities apart from studying or working ranging from Karaoke ordancing to computer games or sports games.


Suchactivities are beneficial as well as harmful to us if undertakeninappropriately. On one hand, recreational activities can help us to not onlybuild our body and mind but also improve our communication and understandingwith friends because most of these activities are done with others. On theother hand, if we spend too much time on singing, dancing or other games, wemight fail to concentrate on our duties such as studying our working, which inturn may lead to further consequences.


As far as Im concerned, recreationalactivities should be done within a certain limit so that we can keep a properbalance between recreation and studying or working life.


范文三:江涛版

Recreational Activities

In the era of information and technology,there are all kinds of recreational activities. Some people think thoserecreational activities are great and necessary, because they can help peoplerelax from the hard work and study. Some of the activities, such as hiking,jogging, can help people relax physically; while some of them, such as surfingthe Internet, can help people relax mentally.


However, some people think that so manykinds of recreational activities may have a bad effect on our lives. Somepeople may not resist some temptations from those activities, and indulgethemselves in those activities. At last they are lured away from their study ortheir work.


In my opinion, we should pay more attentionto the advantages of various recreational activities and make the most of them.Meanwhile, we should learn how to use those activities positively, and makethem a helpful tool for our development.


来源:江涛英语第一时间解析2008621四级写作


分析:此次写作题目属于正反论证类,需要考生论述正反两方的观点,并最终表明自己的观点。写作中可用的句型和表达也与The Internet的范文达到高达70%的重合度。具体参加下面的预测范文。


Directions: For this part, you are allowedthirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Internet. You shouldwrite at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:


1. 有人认为网络可以让学习、工作更有效率

2. 还有人认为网络让青少年沉迷,进而影响学习

3. 你对于网络的看法


The Internet


In the era of information and technology,the Internet has played an improtant role in our society. With the Internet,it's easy to get the information we need, improving the efficiency of our studyand work. We can't deny that it is impossible for lots of people to achievegreat success in the modern society without the Internet.


However, some people think that theInternet has a bad effect on the growth of the teenagers. The teenagers are tooyoung to resist some temptations from the Internet. Some of them indulgethemselves in the Internet and at last are lured away from the study.


In my opinion, we should pay more attentionto the advantages of the Internet and make the most of it. Meanwhile, we shouldteach the teenagers how to use the Internet positively, and make the Internet atool for their healthy development.


范文四:交大外院版


Recreational Activities


21st century has brought with it anunprecedented variety of recreational activities ranging from traditionaloutdoor activities such as playing ball games to all kinds of online ones, thelatter of which is a great appeal to the young generation. So I’d like tonarrow my topic down to online recreational activities.


It goes without saying that variousactivities brought by modern technology have greatly broadened our horizon andbrought much excitement to us. With access to the Internet, you can get to knowpeople from any country in the world and you can talk with them, play gameswith them --- a temptation very hard to resist, and even see them via web cam.The disadvantage, however, is that anyone who lacks self-control would veryeasily get lost and become addicted to the online world, which in turn mightseriously affect their life, work and interpersonal relationships.


As a college student, I think what reallymatters is to make better choice and exert more discipline. We’d better takeadvantage of good online recreational activities to enrich our lives andbroaden the scope of knowledge. When it comes to those addictive,time-consuming and less meaningful activities, I think to stay away from themis a wise decision.


Recreational Activities


With the development of living standard,people spend more time on various forms of recreational activities. People cando sports, singing karaoke, go dancing, go to the movies, play video games oronline games, or surf the Internet.


Recreational activities are good topeople’s health, both physically and mentally. Sports and dancing can keeppeople fit. Singing karaoke, playing video games or online games can satisfypeople’s imagination. Surfing the Internet can bring people a lot ofinformation and knowledge.


However, recreational activities might beharmful if people are addicted. Spending too much time on recreationalactivities will seriously influence people’s normal lives, especially work andstudy. Therefore, people will benefit from recreational activities only if theytake part in them properly.



此次作文难度适中,沿袭了往年的常考题型—argumentation型,讨论某一主题的利弊。本次题目recreational activities涵盖面宽,因此考生需要注意把话题缩小到某一个范围,对于大学生而言,对于网络上的娱乐活动可能更有话可说,所以可以把这个很泛的话题限制在网络娱乐活动。而对于网上活动的利弊想必同学们都可以说出一二,好处比如能够开阔眼界、增长知识,弊端就是很容易上瘾,影响学习生活;而个人的看法就是用其精华弃其糟粕,即利用其好处,对不好的地方避而远之。这是个比较容易套用模板的题目,如果同学们在考前熟悉了这种体裁的写作,拿到相对理想的分数应该不是难事。


附上该体裁写作的模板,供同学们参考。


3Argumentation


1 some, others, I


1)模版一


There is no consensus among the people asto the view of _________ (主题). Some people hold the idea that _______________________ (观点A). A case in point is that_____________________________ (支持观点A的例子).



On the other hand, others may have a quitedifferent view. According to them, ______________ (观点B). The most typical example isthat __________ (支持观点B的例子).


Weighing the pros and cons of thesearguments, I am inclined to agree with the latter. Admittedly, the former pointof view seems reasonable in saying to some extent, but the latter is moreconvincing.


2)模版二


___________ (主题) is a common occurrence in our lives. The attitudes toward thisissue vary from person to person. Some people tend to ______________ when theyare asked _________________ (观点A) because _______________________ (支持观点A的原因). The mosttypical example is that ____________________________ (支持观点A的例子).


However, others argue that________________________ (观点B). They point out that _______________________ (重申观点B) for the reason that_______________ (支持观点B的原因).


As far as I am concerned, I will choose to __________________(你的观点) becausethis choice fits my personality and my life-long belief.

2 My View

1)模版一


When asked about ______________ (主题), some people hold the idea that_________________________ (观点A). As far as they are concerned, _________________________ (展开观点A). But I could not agree withthem in several points. In my opinion, ______________________________ (观点B). The reasons for my choice arelisted as follows.


In the first place,___________________________ (支持观点B的理由1). In thesecond place, ______________________________ (支持观点B的理由2). In thethird place, _______________________________ (支持观点B的理由3).

For the reasons mentioned above, I firmlybelieve ____________ (重申观点B).


2)模版二


Some people believe that__________________________ (观点A). For instance, they hold the idea that______________________________ (支持观点A的例子). And itmay bring them _____________________________ (A带给他们的好处).


In my opinion, I never think this reasoncan be the point. For one thing, _____________________________ (我不同意的理由1). For another,_____________________________ (我不同意的理由2).


As a matter of fact, there are some otherreasons to explain my choice. For me, I agree to the thought that______________________________ (重申自己的观点).


3)利弊型

1)模版一

Nowadays many people prefer __________ (主题) because it plays a significantrole in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. Onthe one hand, ________________ (主题的优点1). On the other hand, ___________________ (主题的优点2).


But everything can be divided into two. Thenegative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that___________________ (主题的缺点1). To make matters worse, __________________________ (主题的缺点2).


Through the above analysis, I believe thatthe positive aspects far outweigh its negative aspects. Whatever effects ithas, one thing is certain, ________ (主题) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is putthat determine its value to our society.


2)模版二


With the development of science and humancivilization, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality. Some of themhave positive effects on our life, but some are distasteful. The phenomenon of___________ (主题现象) is anexample of the former / latter one.


There are many factors that may account forit, and the following are the most conspicuous aspects. To start with,__________________ (原因1). Furthermore, ______________________ (原因2). Eventually,________________________________ (原因3).


Good as ____________ (主题现象) is, it has, unfortunately, itsdisadvantages. The apparent example is that ______________ (缺点例子1). In addition,_____________________ (缺点例子2).

On the whole, the phenomenon is one of theresults of the progress of the modern society. There is still a long way for usto improve / eliminate __________ (主题现象) and make our life more comfortable.


范文五:新东方版


Among various recipes one enjoys in his orher college life, recreational activities can by no means be ignored. It isnumerous activities, such as spoken English competitions, sports events, andclubs and societies of different interests, that help to make campus lifecolorful and diversified.


Facing so many interesting extracurricularactivities, we college students have trouble to choose the proper ones. Asfreshmen, we are confused by all kinds of posters for students’ clubs torecruit new members. There are two opposite views about recreationalactivities. One says they exert positive influence on a student’s physical andmental development, for they can explore a student’s talent, develop astudent's ability in communication, and teach them to be more independent.While, opposite voices can also be heard by asserting that recreationalactivities waste too much time, and therefore may hinder student from focusingon his or her study.


As for me, I hold a belief thatrecreational activities do more good than harm, because I have always been ofthe impression that as a college student, he or she, besides the academicinformation, should pick up more practical skills to be better prepared for thecareer development. Recreational activities do give us a good chance. And, solong as one can arrange the time by reason, activities besides study willdefinitely provide more benefit for us.



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Media Selection for Advertisements

After determining the target audience for aproduct or service, advertising agencies must select the appropriate media forthe advertisement. We discuss here the major types of media used inadvertising. We focus our attention on seven types of advertising: television,newspapers, radio, magazines, out-of-home. Internet, and direct mail.


Television

Television is an attractive medium foradvertising because it delivers mass audiences to advertisers. When youconsider that nearly three out of four Americans have seen the game show WhoWants to Be a Millionaire? you can understand the power of television tocommunicate with a large audience. When advertisers create a brand, forexample, they want to impress consumers with the brand and its image.Television provides an ideal vehicle for this type of communication.Buttelevision is an expensive medium, and not all advertisers can afford to useit.


Television's influence on advertising isfourfold. First, narrowcasting means that television channels are seen by anincreasingly narrow segment of the audience. The Golf Channel, for instance.

is watched by people who play golf. Homeand Garden Television is seen by those interested in household improvementprojects. Thus, audiences are smaller and more homogeneous(具有共同特点的) than they have been in thepast. Second, there is an increase in the number of television channelsavailable to viewers, and thus, advertisers. This has also resulted in anincrease in the sheer number of advertisements to which audiences are exposed.Third, digital recording devices allow audience members more control over whichcommercials they watch. Fourth, control over programming is being passed fromthe networks to local cable operators and satellite programmers.


Newspaper?


After television, the medium attracting thenext largest annual ad revenue is newspapers. The New York Times, which reachesa national audience, accounts for $1 billion in ad revenue annually, ii mincreased its national circulation (发行量) by 40% and is now available for home delivery in ion ciues.Locally, newspapers are the largest advertising medium.


Newspapers are a less expensive advertisingmedium than television and provide a way for advertisers to communicate alonger. more detailed message to their audience than they can through 48hours,meaning newspapers are also a quick way of getting the massageout.Newspapers are ofen the most important form of news for a local community,and they develop a high degree of loyalty from local reader.


Radio


Advertising on radio continues to growRadio is often used in conjunction with outdoor bill-boards (广告牌) and ihe Internet to reach evenmore customers than television. Advertisers are likely to use radio because itis a less expensive medium than television, which means advertisers can affordto repeal their ads often. Internet companies are also turning 10 radioadvertising. Radio provides a way for advertisers to communicate with audiencemembers at all times of the day.Consumers listen to radio on their way toschool or work, at work, on the way home, and in the evening hours.


Two major changes—satellite and Internetradio—will force radio advertisers to adapt their methods. Both of these radioforms allow listeners to tune in stations that are more distant than the

local stations they could receive in thepast. As a result, radio will increasingly attract target audiences who livemany miles apart.


Magazines

Newsweeklies, women’s titles, and businessmagazines have all seen increases in advertising because they attract thehigh-end market, magazines are popular with advertisers because of the narrowmarket that they deliver. A broadcast medium such as network televisionattracts all types of audience members, but magazine audiences are morehomogeneous, if you read sports illustrated, for example, you have much incommon with the magazine’s other readers. Advertisers see magazines as anefficient way of reaching target audience members.


Advertiser using the print media-magazinesand newspapers-will need to adapt to two main changes. First, the internet willbring larger audiences to local newspapers, these second. Advertisers will haveto understand how to use an increasing number of magazines for their targetaudiences. Although some magazines will maintain national audiences, a largenumber of magazines will entertain narrower audiences.

Out-of-homeadvertising


Out-of-home advertising. Also calledplace-based advertising, has become an increasingly effective way of reachingconsumers, who are more active than ever before. Many consumers today do notsit at home and watch television. Using billboards, newsstands, and busshelters for advertising is an effective way of reaching these on-the-goconsumers. More consumers travel longer distances to and from work, which alsomakes out-of-home advertising effective, technology has changed the nature ofthe billboard business, making it a more effective medium than in the past.

Using digital printing, billboard companiescan print a billboard in 2 hours, compared with 6 days previously. This allowsadvertisers more variety in the types of messages they create because they.

Can change their messages more quickly.



Internet


As consumers become more comfortable withonline shopping, advertisers will seek to reach this market As consumers getmore of their news and information from the Internet, the ability of televisionand radio to get the word out to consumers will decrease. The challenge toInternet advertisers Is to create ads that audience members remember.


Internet advertising will play a moreprominent role in organizations' advertising in the near ftuture. Internetaudiences tend to be quite homogeneous, but small. Advertisers will have toadjust their methods to reach these audiences and will have to adapt their persuasivestrategies to the online medium as well.


Directmail


A final advertising medium is direct mail,which uses mailings to consumers to communicate a client's message Direct mailincludes newsletters. postcards and special promotions. Direct mail is aneffective way to build relationships with consumers.For many businesses.directmail is the most effective from of advertising.


1. Television is an attractive advertisingmedium in that_____________.

A) it has large audiences

B) it appeals to housewives

C) it helps build up a company's reputation

D) it is affordable to most advertiser


2. With the increase in the number of TVchannels_________.

A) the cost of TV advertising has decreased

B) the nuiflber of TV viewers has increased

C) advertisers' interest in other media has decreased

D) the number of TV ads people can see has increased


3.Compared with television, newspapers asan advertising medium_________________.

A) earn a larger annual ad revenue

B) convey more detailed messages

C) use more production techniques

D) get messages out more effectively


4.Advertising on radio continues to growbecause ___________.

A) more local radio stations have been set up

B) modern technology makes it more entertaining

C) it provides easy access to consumers

D) it has been revolutionized by Internet radio.


5.Magazines are seen by advertisers as anefficient way to___________.

A) reach target audiences

B) modern technology makes it more entertaining

C) appeal to educated people.

D) convey all kinds of messages


6.Oui-of-home advertising has become moreeffective because _______

A) billboards can be replaced within two hours

B) consumers travel more now ever before

C) such ads have been made much more attractive

D) the pace of urban life is much faster nowadays


7. The challenge to Internet advertisers isto create ads that are ___________.

A) quick to update

B) pleasant to look at

C) easy to remember

D) convenient to access


8. Internet advertisers will have to adjusttheir methods to reach audiences that tend to be _______.


9.Direct mail is an effecitive form ofadvertising for businesses to develop ______________.

10.This passage discusses how advertisersselect ___________ for advertisements.


答案:

1.A 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.A 6.D7.C

8.quite homogeneous 9.relationshipswith consumers 10.media



注意:收答题卡一作文和快速阅读部分(9451000


.听力部分(10001035

11.

A) Give his ankle a goodrest.

B) Treat his injury immediately.

C) Continue his regular activities.

D) Be careful when climbing steps.


12.

A) On a train.

B) On a plane.

C) In a theater.

D) In a restaurant.


13.

A) A tragic accident.

B) A fad occasion

C) Smith's unusual life story.

D) Smith's sleeping problem.


14.

A) Review the details of all her lessons.

B) Compare notes with his classmates.

C)Talk with her about his learning problems.

D) Focus on the main points of her lectures.


15.

A) The man blamed the woman for being careless.

B)The man misunderstood the woman's apology.

C) The woman offered to pay for the man's coffee.

D)The woman spilt coffee on the man's jacket.


16.

A) Extremely tedious.

B) Hard to understand.

C) Lacking a goot plot.

D) Not worth seeing twice.


17.

A) Attending every lecture.

B) Doing losts of homework.

C) Reading very extensively.

D) Using test-taking strategies.


18.

A)The digital TV system will offer different programs.

B)He is eager to see what the new system is like.

C)He thinks it unrealistic to have 500 channels.

D)The new TV system may not provide anything better.


答案:11.A 12.C13.B 14.D 15. D 16.B 17.A18.D



Question19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.


19.

a) a notice by the electricity board.

b) ads promoting electric appliances.

c) the description of a thief in disguise.

d) a new policy on pensioners'welfare.


20.

a) speaking with a proper accent.

b) wearing an official uniform.

c) making friends with them.

d) showing them his ID.


21.

a) to be on the alert when being followed.

b) not to leave senior citizens alone at home.

c) not to let anyone in without an appointment.

d) to watch out for those from the electricity board.


22.

a) she was robbed near the parking lot.

b) all her money in the bank disappeared.

c) the pension she had just drawn was stolen.

d) she was knocked down in the post office.


答案:19.C20.D 21.C 22.C


Question23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.


23.

a) marketing consultancy.

b) Professional accountancy.

c) luxury hotel management.

d) business conference organization


24.

a) having a good knowledge of its customs.

b) knowing some key people in tourism.

c) having been to the country before.

d) being able to speak japanese.


25.

a) it will bring her potential into full play.

b) it will involve lots of train travel.

c) it will enable her to improve her chinese.

d) it will give her more chances to visit japan.


答案:23.A 24.D25.B


PassageOne


Question26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.


26.

a) The lack of time

b) The quality of life.

c) The frustrations at work.

d) The pressure on working families.


27.

a) They were just as busy as people of today.

b) They saw the importance of collective efforts.

c) They didn't complain as much as modern man.

d) They lived a hard life by hunting and gathering.


28.

a) To look for creative ideas of awarding employees.

b) To explore strategies for lowering production costs.

c) To seek new approaches to dealing with complaints.

d) To find effective ways to give employees flexibility.


答案:26.A27.A28.D


PassageTwo


Question29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.


29.

a) family violence.

b) his children's efforts.

c) her father's disloyalty.

d) his second wife's positive influence.


30.

a)his advanced age.

b)his children's efforts.

c) his improved financial condition.

d)his second wife's positive influence.


31.

a) love is blind.

b) love breeds love.

c) divorce often has disastrous consequences.

d) happiness is hard to find in blended families.


答案:29.B 30.D31.B


PassageThree


Question32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.


32.

a) it was located in apark

b) its owner died of a heartattack

c) it went bankrupt all ofsudden.

d) its potted plants were forlease only.


33.

a) planting some trees in the greenhouse

b) writing a want ad to a local newspaper

c) putting up a going out of business sign

d) helping a customer select some purchases


34.

a) opening an offive in the new office park

b) keeping better relations with her company

c) developing fresh business opportunities

d) building a big greenhouse of his own


35.

a) owning the greenhouse one day

b) securing a job at the office park

c) cultivating more potted plants.

d) finding customers out of town



答案:32.B 33.C34.C 35. A


SectionC


注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。


We're now witnessing the emergence of anadvanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical(36)rawmaterials, and capital are no longer the key(37) _____in the creation of wealth. Now, the(38) ______ raw material in oureconomy is knowledge. Tomorrow's wealth depends on the development and exchangeof knowledge. And(39) ______ entering the workforce offer their knowledge, nottheir muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for their education and their abilityto learn. Knowledge workers(40) ______ in mind work. They deal with symbols:words,(41) ______ and data.


What does all this mean for you? As a futureknowledge worker, you can expect to be(42) ______, processing, as well asexchanging information. (43) ______, three out of four jobs involve some formof mind work, and that number will increase sharply in the future. Managementand employees alike(44) ______.


In the new world of work, you can lookforward to being in constant training (45) ______. You can also expect to betaking greater control of your career. Gone are the nine-five jobs. lifetimesecurity, predictable promotions, and even the conventional workplace, as youare familiar with. (46) ______, and don’t wait for someone to “empower” you.You have to empower yourself.


答案:

36. labor 37.ingredients38.vital 39. individuals 40.engage41.figures

42. generating43.Currently

44. will be making decisions in such areas as productdevelopment, quality control, and customer satisfaction.

45. to acquire new skills that will help you keep up withimproved technologies and procedures.

46. Don't expect the companies will provide you with a clearlydefined career path,



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Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading inDepth) (25 minutes)


SectionA


Question57 to 61 are based on the following passage.


Some years ago I was offered a writingassignment that would require three months of travel through Europe.I had been abroad a couple of times, but I could hardly -47- to know my wayaround the continent. Moreover, my knowledge of foreign languages was -48- to alittle college French.


I hesitated. How would I, unable to speakthe language, -49- unfamiliar with local geography or transportation systems,set up-50- and do research? It seemed impossible, and with considerable-51-Isat down to write a letter begging off. Halfway through, a thought ran throughmy mind: you can’t learn if you don’t try. So I accepted the assignment.


There were some bad-52-. But by the time Ihad finished the trip I was an experienced traveler. And ever since. I havenever hesitated to head for even the most remote of places. Without guides oreven-53- bookings. Confident that somehow I will manage.

The point is that the new, the different,is almost by definition –54- . but each time you try something. You learn. Andas the learning plies up. The world opens to you.


I’ve learned to ski at 40, and flown up theRhine river in a –55-. And I know I’ll go todoing such things. It’s not because I’m braver or more daring than others. I’mnot. But I’ll accept anxiety as another name for challenge and I believe Ican-56-wonders.



注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。


A.accomplishI.manufacture

B.advanced J.moments

C.balloon K.news

D.claim L.reduced

E.constantly M.regret

F.declare N.scary

G.interviews O.totally

H.limited


答案:47.D 48.H49.O 50.G 51.K 52.J 53.B54.N 55.C 56.A


阅读

PassageOne


Question57 to 61 are based on the following passage.


Global warming may or may not be the greatenvironmental crisis of the 21st century, but- regardless of whether it is orisn't - we won't do much about it. We will argue over it and may even, as anation, make some fairly solemn-sounding commitments to avoid it. But the moredramatic and meaningful these commitments seem, the less likely they are to beobserved.


A1 Gore calls global warming an"inconvenient truth," as if merely recognizing it could put us on apath to a solution. But the real truth is that we don't know enough to relieveglobal warming, and - without major technological breakthroughs - we can't domuch about it.


From 2003 to 2050,the world 's populationis projevted to grow from6.4 billon to9.1 billion ,a 42% increase. if energy use per person andtechnology remain te same,total energy useand greenhouse gasemissions(mainly,CO2)will be 42% higher in 2050.But that's toolow,because societies that grow richer usemore energy. We need econmic growth unless we condemn the world's poor to theirpresent

Poverty and freeze everyone else's livingstandards. With modest growth,energy use and greenhouse emissions more then doubleby 2050.


No government will adopt rigid restrictionson economic growth andpersonal freeom(limits on electricity usage,driving and travel)thatmight cut back global warming.Still,politicianswant to show they're"doingsomething" Consider the Kyoto Protoco(京都议定书).It alowedcountries thatjoined to punish those that didn't.But it hasn'treduced CO2 emissions(up about 25% since1990),and many signatories(签字国) didn't adopt tough enough policies to hit their 2008-2012targets.


The practical codusion is that if globalwarming is a potentialdisaster,the onlysolution is new technology.Only an aggressiveresearch and development program miaght find ways of breaking ourdependence on fossil fuels or dealing withit.


The trouble with the global warming debateis that it has become amoral problewhen it's teally an engineering one.The inconvenienttruth is that if we don't solve theengineering problem, we're helpless.


57.What is said about global warming in thefirst paragraph?

A) It may not prove an environmental crisis at all.

B) It is an issue repuiring worldwide commitments.

C) Serious steps have been taken to avoid or stop it.

D) Very little will be done to bting it undet control.


58.According to the author's understanding,what is A1 Gore's view on global warming?

A) It is a reality both people and politicians are unawre of.

B) It is a phenomenon that causes us many inconveniences.

C) It is a problem that can be solved once it is recognized.

D) It is an area we actually have little knowledge about.


59.Greenhouse emissions will more thandouble by 2050 because of ___.

A) economic growth

B) wasteful use of energy

C) the widening gap between the rich and poor

D) the rapid advances of science and technology


60.The author believes that, since thesigning of the Kyoto Protocol,____.

A) politicians have started to do something to better the situation

B) few nations have adopted real tough measures to limit energy use

C) reductions in energy consumption have greatly cut back globalwarming

D) international cooperation has contributed to solvingenvoronmental problems


61.What is the message the author intendsto convey?

A) Global warming is more of a moral issue than a practical one.

B) The ultimate solution to global warming lies in new technology.

C) The debate over global warming will lead to technologicalbreakthroughs.

D) People have to give up certain material comforts to stop globalwarming.


答案:57.D 58.C59.A 60.B 61.B


PassageTwo


Question62 to 66 are based on the following passage.


Someday a siranger will read your e-mailwithout your permission or scan the Website you've visitedOr perhaps someone will casuallyglance through your credit card purchases or cell phonebills to find out yourshopping preferences or calling habits.


In fact, it's likely some of these thingshave already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permisson? Itmight be a spous, a girlfreiend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or acriminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to beseen - the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked.


Psychologists tell us boundaries arehealthy, that it's important to reveal yourself to friends, family and loversin stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital breadcrumbs(碎屑) you leaveeverywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you areand what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what youthink. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannotkeep a secret.


The key question is: Does that matter?


For many Americans, the answer apparentlyis "no."


When opinion polls ask Americans aboutprivacy, most say they are concerned about losting it. A survery found anoverwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents sayingthey feel their privacy is "slipping away, and that bothers me."


But people say one thing and do another.Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preservetheir privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths(收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Passsystem that can track automobile movements. And few turn donw supermarketloyalty cards. Privacy economist A lessandro Acauisti has run a series oftests that reveal people will surrenderpersonal information like Socail Security numbers just to get their hands on apitiful 50-cents-off coupon(优惠卷)


But privacy does matter - at leastsometimes. It's like health: When you have it, you don't notice it. Only whenit's gone do you wish you'd done more to protect it.


62. What does the author mean by saying"the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked" (Lines3-4,Para.2)?

A) People's personal information is easily accessed without theirknowledge.

B) In the 21st century people try every means to look into others'secrets.

C) People tend to be more frank with each other in the informationage.

D) Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology.


63.What would psychologists advise on therelationships between friends?

A) Friends should open their hearts to each other.

B) Friends should always be faithful to each other.

C) There should be a distance even between friends.

D) There should be fewer disputes between friends.


64. Why does the author say "we livein a world where you simply cannot keep a secret" (Line5,para.3)

A) Modern society has finally evolved into an open society.

B) People leave traces around when using modern technology.

C) There are always people who are curious about others' affairs.

D) Many search engines profit by revealing people's identities.


65. What do most Americans do with regardto privacy protection?

A) They change behaviors that mightdisclose their identity.

B) They use various loyalty cards forbusiness transactions.

C) They rely most and more on electronicdevices.

D) They talk a lot but hardly do anythingabout it.


66.According to the passage, privacy islike health in that ___.

A) people will make every effort to keep it.

B) its importance is rarely understood

C) is is something that can easily be lost

D) people don't cherish it until they lose it


答案:62.A 63.C64.B 65.D66.D


完型

PartV Cloze (15 minutes)


Universities are institutions that teach awide variety of subjects at advanced levels. They also carry out research workaimed -67- extending man's knowledge of these subjects. The emphasis given toeach of these functions -68- from university to university, according to theviews of the people in -69- and according to the resources available. Thesmaller and newer universities do no -70- the staff or equipment to carry outthe -71- research projects possible in larger institutions. -72- most expertsagree that some research activity is -73- to keep the staff and their studentsin -74- with the lastest developments in their subjects.


Most students attend a university mainly to-75- the knowledge needed for their chosen -76-. Educationists believe thatthis aim should not be the -77- one. Universities have always aimed to producemen and women -78- judgment and wisdom as weel as knowledge.For this reason,they -79- studends to meet others with differing -80- and to read widely to-81- their understanding in many fields of study. -82- a secondary schoolcourse, a student should be interested enought in a subject to enjoy gainiing knowledgefor its own -83-. He should be prepared to -84- sacrifices to study his chosen-85- in depth. He should have an ambition to make some -86- contribution toman's knowledge.


67.A) at B)by C) to D) in

68.A) turns B) ranges C)moves D) varies

69.A) prospect B)place C) control D) favor

70.A) occupy B) possess C)involve D) spare

71.A) maximum B) medium C)virtual D) vast

72.A) But B)As C) While D) For

73.A) natural B) essential C)functional D) optional

74.A) coordination B) accordance C) touch D)grasp

75.A) acquire B) accept C)endure D) ensure

76.A) procession B) professionC)possession D) preference

77.A) typical B) true C)mere D) only

78.A) with B)under C) on D) through

79.A) prompt B) provoke C)encourageD) anticipate

80.A) histories B) expressions C) interests D) curiosities

81.A) broaden B) lengthen C)enforce D) specify

82.A) Amid B)Over C) After D) Upon

83.A) object B) effect C)course D)sake

84.A) take B)suffer C) make D) pay

85.A) fieldB) target C) scope D)goal

86.A) radical B) meaningful C)truthful D) initial


答案:67.A 68.D69.B 70.B 71.D 72.C 73.B74.C 75.A

76.B77.D 78.A 79.C 80.C 81.A82.B 83.D 84.B 85.A 86.C


.翻译部分(11251130

PartVI Translation ( 5 minutes )


注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。


87. Our efforts will pay off if the resultsof the research _________ .(能应用于新技术的开发)


88. I cant boot my computer now. Something __________(一定出了毛病)with its operating system.


89. Leaving ones job, _____________ (无论是什么工作), is a difficult change,

even for those who look forward toretiring.


90. _________(与我成长的地方相比), this town is more prosperous and exciting.


91. _________(直到他完成使命)did he realize that he was seriously ill.


答案:

87.能应用于新技术的开发canbe applied to the research and development of new technology

88.一定出了毛病There mustbe something wrong/there must be some errors/problems

89.不管是什么工作no matterwhat kind it is / whatever it is

90.与我成长的地方相比Comparedwith the place where I grew up

91.直到他完成使命Not untilhe had accomplished the task





20086月大学英语四级听力原文和答案

Section A: Short Conversation:


11.


M: Today is a bad day for me. Ifell off a step and twisted my ankle.

W: Don’t worry, usually ankle injuriesheal quickly if you stop regular activities for a while.


What does the woman suggest theman do?


12.


W: May I see you ticket, please?I think you’re sitting in my seat.

M: Oh, you’re right. My seat isin the balcony. I’m terribly sorry.


Q: Where does conversation mostprobably take place?


13.


W: Do you hear Mr. Smith die inhis sleep last night?

M: Yes, it’s very sad. Please leteverybody know that whoever wants to may attend the funeral.


Q: What are the speakers talkingabout?


14.


M: Have you taken ProfessorYang’s exam before? I’m kind of nervous.

W: Yes. Just concentrate on theimportant ideas she’s talked about in the class and ignore the details.


Q: How does the women suggest theman prepare for Professor Yang’s exam


15.


W: I’m so sorry sir, and you’lllet me pay to have your jacket cleaned, won’t you?

M: That’s all right. It couldhappen to anyone. And I’m sure that coffee doesn’t leave lasting marks onclothing.


Q: What can we infer from the conversation?


16.


W: Have you seen the movie TheDeparted? The plot was so complicated that I really got lost.

M: Yeah, I felt the same, butafter I saw it a second time, I could put all the pieces together.


Q: How did the two speakers findthe movie?


17.


M: I’m really surprised you gotan A on the test; you didn’t seem to have done a lot of reading.

W: Now you know why I nevermissed the lecture.


Q: What contributes to thewoman’s high score?


18.


W: Have you heard about the new digitaltelevision system? It lets people get about 500 channels.

M: Yeah. But I doubt they’ll haveanything different from what we watch now.


Q: What does the man mean?

Longconversation

ConversationOne:


W: Gosh! Have you seen this,Richard?

M: See what?


W: In the paper. It says, thereis a man going around pretending he’s from the electricity board. He’s beencalling at people’s homes, saying he is coming to check that all theirappliances are safe. Then he gets around them to make him a cup of tea, andwhile they are out of the room he steals their money, handbag whatever andmakes off with it.


M: But you know, Jane, it’spartly their own fault; you should never let anyone like that in unless you’reexpecting them.


W: It’s all very well to saythat. But someone comes to the door, and says electricity or gas and youautomatically think they are OK, especially if they flash a card to you


M: Does this man have an ID then?


W: Yes, that’s just it. It seemshe used to work for the electricity board at one time according to the paperthe police are warning people especially pensioners not to admit anyone unlessthey have an appointment. It’s a bit sad. One old lady told them she’d justbeen to the post-office to draw her pension when he called. She said he musthave followed her home. He stole the whole lot.


M: But what does he look like?Surely they must have a description.


W: Oh, yes they have. Let’s see,in his thirties, tall, bushy dark hair, slight northern accent, sounds a bitlike you actually.


Questions 19 to 22 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

19. What does the woman want theman to read in the newspaper?

20. How did the man mention inthe newspaper try to win further trust from the victims?

21. What is the warning from thepolice?

22. What does the woman speakertell us about the old lady?


ConversationTwo:


M: Miss Jones, could you tell memore about your first job with hotel marketing concept?


W: Yes, certainly. I was amarketing consultant responsible for marketing 10 UK hotels. They were all luxuryhotels in a leisure sector all of a very high standard.


M: Which markets were youresponsible for?


W: For Europe and Japan.


M: I see from your resume thatyou speak Japanese. Have you ever been to Japan?


W: Yes, I have, I spent months inJapan 2006. I met all the key people in the tourist industry, the big touroperators and the tourist organizations. As I speak Japanese I had a very bigadvantage.


M: Yes, of course. Have you hadany contact with Japanin your present job?


W: Yes, I’ve had a lot. Cruiseshave become very popular with the Japanese both for holidays and for businessconferences. In fact, the market for all types of luxury holidays for theJapanese has increased a lot recently.


M: Really, I’m interested to hearmore about that, but first tell me have you ever traveled on the luxury train,the Orient Express, for example?


W: No, I haven’t. But I’ve traveledon the Glacial Express through Switzerlandand I traveled across Chinaby train about 8 years ago. I love train travel. That’s why I’m very interestedin this job.


23. What did the woman do in herfirst job?

24. What give the woman anadvantage during her business trip in Japan?

25. Why is the woman applying forthe new job?


Passage1


Time. I think a lot about timeand not just because it's the name of the news organization I work for. Likemost working people, I find time, or the lack of it, and never-endingfrustration and an unwinnable battle. My every day is a race against the clockthat I never ever seem to win. This is hardly a lonesome complaint. Accordingto the families and work institutes, national study of the changing workforce,55 percent of employees say they don't have enough time for themselves, 63percent don't have enough time for their spouses or partners, and 67 percentdon't have enough time for their children. It's also not a new complaint. I betour ancestors returned home from hunting wild animals and gathering nuts andcomplained about how little time they had to paint battle scenes on their cavewalls. The difference is that the boss of animal hunting and the head of nutgathering probably told them to shut up or no survival for you. Today's workersare still demanding control over their time. The difference is today's bossesare listening. I've been reading a report issued today called "when workworks" produced jointly by three organizations. They set up to find andwarn the employers who employ the most creative and most effective ways to givetheir workers flexibility. I found this report worth reading and suggest everyboss should read it for ideas.


Questions 26 to 28 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

Question 26. What is the speakercomplaining about?

Question 27. What does thespeaker say about our ancestors?

Question 28. Why does the speakersuggest all bosses read the report by the three organizations?


Passage2


Loving a child is a circularbusiness. The more you give, the more you get, the more you want to give, ***said. What she said proves to be true of my blended family. I was born in 1931.As the youngest of six children, I learned to share my parents' love. Raisingsix children during the difficult times of the Great Depression took its tollon my parents' relationship and resulted in their divorce when I was 18 yearsold. Daddy never had very close relationships with his children and driftedeven farther away from us after the divorce. Several years later, a wonderfulwoman came into his life and they were married. She had two sons, one of themstill at home. Under her influence, we became a blended family and a goodrelationship developed between the two families. She always treated us as if wewere her own children. It was because of our other mother, Daddy's second wife,that he became closer to his own children. They shared over 25 years togetherbefore our father passed away. At the time of his death, the question came up ofmy mother, Daddy's first wife, attending his funeral. I will never forget theunconditional love shown by my step mother. When I asked her if she wouldobject to mother attending Daddy's funeral, without giving it a second thought,she immediately replied. "Of course not, honey. She is the mother of mychildren."



Questions 29 to 31 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

Question 29. According to thespeaker, what contributed to her parents' divorce?

Question 30. What brought thefather closer to his own children?

Question 31. What message doesthe speaker want to convey in this talk?


Passage3


In February last year, my wifelost her job. Just as suddenly, the owner of the Green House where I worked asmanager died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going toclose the business because no one in the family wanted to run it. Things lookedpretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want ads each day. Then one morning, as Iwas hanging a "going out of business" sign at the green house, thedoor opened and in walked a customer. She was an office manager whose companyhad just moved into the new office park on the edge of the town. She waslooking for potted plants to place in the reception areas in offices. "Idon't know anything about plants", she said, "I am sure in a fewweeks, they'll all be dead.” While I was helping her select her purchases, mymind was racing. Perhaps as many as a dozen firms that recently opened officesin the new office park and there were several hundred more acres withconstruction under way. That afternoon, I drove up to the office park. By 6o'clock that evening, I had signed contacts with 7 companies to rent plantsfrom me and pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked down toan agreement to lease the Green House from the owner's family. Business is nowincreasing rapidly. And one day we hope to be the proud owners of the GreenHouse.


Questions 32 to 35 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

Question 32. What do we learnabout the green house?

Question 33. What was the speakerdoing when the customer walked in one morning?

Question 34. What did the speakerthink of when serving the office manager?

Question 35. When was thespeaker's hope for the future?


复合式听写


We are now witnessing theemergence of an advanced economy based on information and technology. Physicallabor, raw materials, and capital are no longer the key ingredients in thecreation of wealth. Now the vital raw material in our economy is knowledge. Tomorrow'swealth depends on the development and exchange of knowledge. And individualsentering the workforce offer their knowledge not their muscles. Knowledgeworkers get paid for their education and their ability to learn. Knowledgeworkers engage in mind work. They deal with symbols, words, figures, and data.What does all this mean for you? As a future knowledge worker, you can expectto be generating, processing as well as exchanging information. Currently threeout of 4 jobs involve some form of mind work. And that number will increasesharply in the future. Management and employees alike will be making decisionsin such areas as product development, quality control, and customersatisfaction. in the new world of work, you can look forward to be in constanttraining to acquire new skills that will help you keep up with improvedtechnologies and procedures. You can also expect to be taking greater controlof your career. Gone are the nine-to-five jobs, life-time security, predictablepromotions and even a conventional workplace as you are familiar with. Don'texpect the companies to provide you with a clearly-defined career path anddon't wait for someone to empower you. You have to empower yourself.


答案:


短对话

11. A give his ankle agood rest

12. C in a theater

13. A a tragicaccident

14. D focus on themain points of her lectures

15. D the woman spiltcoffee on the man’s jacket

16. B. hard tounderstand

17. A. attending everylecture

18. D the new TVsystem may not provide anything better


长对话 1

19. C the descriptionof a thief in disguise

20. D showing his ID

21. C not to letanyone in without an appointment

22. C the pension shehad just drawn was stolen


长对话 2

23. A. marketingconsultancy

24. D. being able tospeak Japanese

25. B. it will involvelots of train travel


短文1

26. A. the lack oftime

27. A. they were justas busy as people of today

28. D. to findeffective ways to give employees flexibility



短文2

29. B. the Great Depression

30. D. his secondwife’s positive influence

31. B. love breeds love


短文3

32. B. its owner diedof a heart attack

33. C. putting up aGoing Out OF Business sign

34. C. developingfresh business opportunities

35. A. owning thegreenhouse one day


听写

36 labor/labour

37 ingredients

38 vital

39 individual

40 engage

41 figures

42 generating

43 currently

44. Will be makingdecisions in such areas as product development, quality control and customers’ satisfaction

45. To acquire newskills that will help you keep up with improved technologies and procedures

46. Don’t expect thatthe companies will provide you with clearly defined career paths


2013-03-06 21:33 来自:挚友网
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